Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of connected forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes.[3] Much more typically, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Business rule in India.[7][eight]

The worldwide usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from fashion. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other individuals in the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."[10]


Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made from smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Lots of individuals choose to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.

Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also called a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, built to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be somewhat scarce.

Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in type which include short sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, 1-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire More with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by small children, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can also be footed.

Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally integrated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of limited gown prime in excess of shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may possibly nowadays confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become well-known while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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